Each message can have various labels assigned to it as a means of classification. Each label has a name; different names are different labels. Any given label is either present or absent on a particular message. A few label names have standard meanings and are given to messages automatically by Rmail when appropriate; these special labels are called attributes. All other labels are assigned only by users.
The a (
rmail-add-label) and k
rmail-kill-label) commands allow you to assign or remove any
label on the current message. If the label argument is empty, it
means to assign or remove the same label most recently assigned or
Once you have given messages labels to classify them as you wish, there are two ways to use the labels: in moving and in summaries.
The command C-M-n labels RET
rmail-next-labeled-message) moves to the next message that has
one of the labels labels. The argument labels specifies one
or more label names, separated by commas. C-M-p
rmail-previous-labeled-message) is similar, but moves backwards
to previous messages. A numeric argument to either command serves as a
The command C-M-l labels RET
rmail-summary-by-labels) displays a summary containing only the
messages that have at least one of a specified set of messages. The
argument labels is one or more label names, separated by commas.
See section Summaries, for information on summaries.
If the labels argument to C-M-n, C-M-p or C-M-l is empty, it means to use the last set of labels specified for any of these commands.
Some labels such as `deleted' and `filed' have built-in meanings and are assigned to or removed from messages automatically at appropriate times; these labels are called attributes. Here is a list of Rmail attributes:
rmail-reply). See section Sending Replies.
rmail-forward). See section Sending Replies.
All other labels are assigned or removed only by the user, and have no standard meaning.