To invoke Dired, do C-x d or M-x dired. The command reads
a directory name or wildcard file name pattern as a minibuffer argument
to specify which files to list. Where
dired differs from
list-directory is in putting the buffer into Dired mode so that
the special commands of Dired are available.
dired-listing-switches specifies the options to
ls for listing directory; this string must contain
`-l'. If you use a numeric prefix argument with the
command, you can specify the
ls switches with the minibuffer
after you finish entering the directory specification.
To display the Dired buffer in another window rather than in the
selected window, use C-x 4 d (
of C-x d. C-x 5 d (
dired-other-frame) uses a
separate frame to display the Dired buffer.